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Regulations and Guidelines

When you develop your alcohol and drug, occupational health or fatigue management and sleep apnea programs, it’s important to be familiar with provincial, federal, and U.S. regulations. Labour and advocacy groups have also created recommendations and guidelines that may impact your decisions. We’ve compiled this list by country and province.

Canada

Canadian Human Rights Commission Policy on Drug and Alcohol Testing
Canada Occupational Health and Safety Regulations
Nuclear Industry Discussion Paper on Alcohol and Drug Testing
Federal Privacy Act
Personal Information Protection and Electronic Documents Act
Provincial Privacy Legislation
Health Canada’s Workplace Hazardous Materials Information System (WHMIS) regulation

Alberta

Canadian Model for Providing a Safe Workplace (a.k.a. The Canadian Model)
Alberta Human Rights and Citizenship Commission Policy on Drug and Alcohol Testing
Alberta Occupational Health and Safety Act and Regulations
Audiometric Testing: An Employer’s Guide
Respirator Fit Testing: An Employer’s Guide

British Columbia

Construction Labour Relations Association of BC—Drug & Alcohol Policies and Procedures
British Columbia Occupational Health and Safety Regulations

Manitoba

Manitoba Human Rights Commission Guidelines on Drug and Alcohol Testing
Manitoba’s Workplace Safety and Health Act

New Brunswick

Occupational Health and Safety Act of New Brunswick

Newfoundland and Labrador

Newfoundland and Labrador Occupational Health and Safety Act and Regulations

Nova Scotia

Nova Scotia Occupational Health and Safety Act

Nunavut

Nunavut Mine Health and Safety Act

Ontario

Ontario Human Rights Commission Policy on Drug and Alcohol Testing
Ontario Occupational Health and Safety Act and Regulations

Prince Edward Island

Prince Edward Island Human Rights Commission Policy on Drug and Alcohol Testing
P.E.I. Occupational Health and Safety Act

Quebec

An Act Respecting Industrial Accidents and Occupational Diseases

Saskatchewan

Construction Opportunities Development Council–Drug & Alcohol Policies and Procedures
Saskatchewan Human Rights Commission Guidelines on Drug and Alcohol Testing
Saskatchewan Occupational Health and Safety Act
Saskatchewan Occupational Health and Safety Regulations

Yukon

Yukon Occupational Health and Safety Act and Regulations

United States

D.O.T. Office of Drug and Alcohol Policy and Compliance
Department of Transportation, 49 CFR Part 40
Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration, 49 CFR Part 382
Federal Railroad Administration, 49 CFR Part 219
Federal Aviation Administration, 14 CFR Part 120
Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration, 49 CFR Part 199
United States Coast Guard, 46 CFR Parts 4 and 16, 33 CFR Part 95
U.S. Occupational Safety and Health Administration Law and Regulations
Expert Panel Recommendations: Obstructive Sleep Apnea and Commercial Motor Vehicle Driver Safety